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Biotechnology in India
A Promising Future
India is now shifting its focus to the most promising industry of the future, Biotechnology.
With its large pool of scientific talent, world-class informationtechnology industry, and vibrant pharmaceutical sector, India is well positioned to emerge as a significant player in the global biotech arena. Biotechnology is perceived as a revolution throughout the world. Scientists, through Research and Development (R&D), have developed and are continuing to develop cures for diseases that have affected people for decades and even centuries. Scientists recently, have also, clinically developed crops that can withstand the brutalities of weather changes, helping poor farmers of the developing countries to retain their yield and increase their output manifold. Biotech, considered a boon by some, provides great hope to many around the world, and its benefits are and will be realized by more and more people over the years. On the threshold of this new revolution, numerous companies have sprung up to take a piece of the exponentially growing Biotech market worldwide. The ever-decreasing physical boundaries enable biotech companies from the West to tap large markets around the world. India to this extent holds a good advantage over many other countries of the world. With its large population of over a billion people there is a huge market for products and services. India’s population has a very interesting demography that creates almost a perfect environment for biotech companies to shift bases here. In addition the Indian sub-continent, which occupies only 2.4% of the total global surface area, has the most varied species of flora and fauna. A study shows that, in percentage terms, India has about 7.6% of total mammal species, 12.6% of bird species,11.7% of fishes and roughly 6.0% of total flowering plants that are present in the world. Biotech companies, by moving to India, can utilize this immense Bio-diversity, can easily find samples and, also conduct field research much more efficiently. Adding to this, India has one of the largest agriculture sectors in the world, and varied climatic zones that can help in research and development of different agribiotech products applicable world.
Looking for a Career Options in the Field of Biotechnology ? This section features Biotechnology as a career options, elaborated with reference to the job profile, personality traits required, the courses and training involved, premier institutions and future prospects.
Biotechnology is an integration of several technologies, applied to living cells, with the posibility of producing from widely available renewable resourses, substances and compounds essential to life and the well being of man. so it is an interdisciplinary technologies encompassing not only biology, but also other subjects, including physics, chemistry, mathematics and Engineering. Mainly research-oriented, it is the field that has created Dolly, the cloned lamb, and introduced scientific methods for genetic engineering, and new modes of propagation.
Biotechnology is one of the fastest growing fields as it finds applications in areas as varied as medicine, food technology, pharmaceuticals, agriculture and environmental conservation. In fact, the use and application of biotechnology spans a wide range of activities, including developing new varieties of seeds, improving livestocks breeds, creating pesticides of various kinds, formulating cures for genetically inherited diseases and developing industrial enzymes that hasten the production processes.
There are many application of biotechnology such as developing various medicines, vaccines and diagnostics, increasing productivity, improving energy production and conservation. Biotechnology's intervention in the area of animal husbandry has improved animal breeding. It also helps to improve the quality of seeds, insecticides and fertilizers. Environmental biotechnology helps for pollution control and waste management.
The work of Biotechnologist is essentially scientific and research oriented, which aims at the application of technology to the improvement of life and developement of a variety of end uses, Biotechnologists are therefore involved in production as well as marketing and research.
Biotechnology is the offshoot of science and technology in which living beings are used for making products. Flora and fauna and microorganisms like bacteria are used for this purpose. In the field of medicine and agriculture, bio technology has been used to produce food, test for diseases and to remove waste.
Biotechnology is divided into three sub field-red, white and green biotechnology. Red biotechnology deals with genetically changed microorganisms being used for manufacturing products like insulin and vaccine for medical use. It is due to research in red biotechnology that antibiotics for various infections have been developed and vaccines to bolster the bodies’ resistance to various diseases were developed. It has also been used in reproductive technologies like invitro fertilization, DNA profiling, forensics and transplantation technologies. White biotechnology deals with creating useful chemicals for the industrial sector through organisms like moulds or yeast. This type of bio technology is also referred to as grey biotechnology. White biotechnology has proven to be of immense benefit environmentally in cleaning oil spills and in storing DNA samples of endangered species for future research. It is also useful for removing excess nutrients in soil and water and for detection of landmines.
Green biotechnology also called agricultural biotechnology is to do with factors pertaining to agriculture. Green biotechnology is concerned with the genetic modification of plants and animals to produce environmentally friendly species.
Biotechnology Industry in India is one of the sunrise sectors in india
The biotech industry can be classified into five different segments.
Biopharma, Agri-biotech, Bioinformatics, Bio industrial and Bio services with each concentrating on a particular area.
• Bio pharma deals with the production of vaccines, therapeutics and diagnostics, while the end products of the biotech industry find two different kinds of buyers, the first type include private hospitals, governments; patients and the second type include industries like pharmaceutical.
• Agri-biotech deals with hybrid seeds and transgenic crops, biopesticides and biofertilizers.
• Bio informatics deals with creation and maintenance of extensive electronic databases on various biological systems.
• Bioservices market deals with clinical trial, contract research and manufacturing activities.
• Bio Industrial industry deals with enzyme manufacturing and marketing companies and these enzymes are used in detergent, textile, food, leather, paper and pharmaceutical industry.
At present there are more than 450 biotech companies in India providing employment for over 50,000 scientists. The leading companies in India are Biocon, Serum Institute of India(in the biopharma space),MahycoMonsanto, Rasi seeds(in the agri-bio tech field),Strand Genomics, GVK Biosciences (in the bioinformatics arena),Syngene ,Wipro( in the bioinformatics arena) Quintiles, Alembic Chemical Works Ltd. Actavis Pharmaceutical, Dr Reddy's Laboratories Limited, Avestha Gengraine, Arihant Agro Corporation, Astrazeneca Pharma India Ltd, Advanced Enzyme Technologies Ltd, Advanced Biochemicals Ltd, Advanta India Limited (formerly IT Zeneca), A. V. Thomas & Co. Ltd Aventis Pharma Ltd. India, Ajanta Pharma Ltd. Banglore Genei, Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd, RPG Life Sciences Ltd, Reliance Life Sciences, Semi Labs Ltd. Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd, Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd, and Santa Biotech Ltd etc.
Importance of Biotechnology:
• In today's era, when people are exposed to so many physical disorders, biotechnology plays a vital role in developing medicines, vaccines, energy production, and conservation. To keep pace with the competitive world, India has launched a comprehensive programme in biotechnology to make use of the resources available..
• It is imperative that India has to keep up with the increasing demand for food from the ever expanding population. Agricultural land is also shrinking. Genetic engineering of plants to increase their yield is the way to go in future.
• Biotechnology can be used in a wide range of economic activity ranging from environment, animal husbandry, medicinal and aromatic plants, bio fuels, aquaculture and products like silk and leather.
Future of the Bio Technology Sector
• According to reports bio technology industry in India has become the fourth largest adopter of biotech crop in the world, replacing Canada. The Indian biotechnology industry is slated to become a US$ 10 billion industry by 2013.
• India is gaining recognition in the field of clinical trial. A large number of companies are providing research and development expertise to global pharmaceutical companies.
• The availability of B.Tech Biotechnology graduates, good regulatory processes and the cost advantage have positioned India as a favorable investment destination by the way of globalization, mergers and acquisition and alliances.
• Indian companies are also expanding overseas. The acquisition of 70 per cent stake of the German pharma company AxiCorp by Biocon is a case in testimony.
• In terms of technology, the nanotechnology is the next big opportunities.
• Stem Cell Therapy research also has huge potential.
Neiotia Institute of Tehnology Management & science is well equipped with all modern facilities Biotechnology Department. The college offers B.Tech Biotechnology and M.Tech course. It's a four years degree program and two years M.Tech.
• To focus on problems that are of immediate use to the neighbouring areas such as medicinal plants,Horticulture crops (Mass scale propagation of Banana plants Tissue culture Tchnology neutraceuticals, Gnetic Engineering, Research on Marine biotechnology etc.
Placement in present year ( 2013-2014): 100%
Major Research areas in focus:
• Environmental cleaning up of tannery wastes through Biotechnology interventions
• Animal diseases diagnostics
• Plant tissue culture & enhancement of active ingredient content of medicinal plants
• Bioinformatics, Proteins and metabolic engineering Bioprocess development for neutraceuticals
• Research on Marine biotechnology etc
Faculty & students Publications and achievement
• Within last three years fourty national and international publication.
• We have international standard research laboratory.
• We are doing industrial research for the industrial development
• This year we have completed successful project work for Himalayan agro farms.
We will translate our research success to Himalayan agro farms.
Company will accommodate our students for the Jobs.
• Professor Dr Haque (H0D) OF Biotechnology will deliver lecture in presence
Of FeridMuradNobelLaureate,AlanL.GoldteinUSA, Edmond J. YunisUSAProfessor of Pathology, HarvardMedical School, Boston, MA, Shuji Ogino
USAHarvard Medical School, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard School of Public Health, USA on dated 16th June and 19th June, 2014.
Professor (Dr) Rabiul Haque (HOD) M.Tech, Ph.D
Neotia Institute of Technology Management * Science.